Foods that Lower Uric Acid Levels - Symptoms of Gout and Its CausesGout is also known as crystal-induced arthritis. It is a medical condition that sets in when uric acid crystals collect on the joints. At the first stage, gout usually affects the large joints in the big toe. Gradually it can spread to other parts of the body, like the ankles, the instep, the heels and the knees, the wrists and fingers of the hand and the elbows. In severe cases, even the shoulders, hips or spine can be affected. Gout does not spread from one joint to the next. Uric acid is a metabolic end product that is formed at the time the body breaks down purines present in certain food items. In normal conditions, the uric acid gets dissolved in the blood and gets eliminated from the body through the kidneys into the urine. However, people having a propensity for gout have such high levels of uric acid in their blood that the acid precipitates out in the form of crystals. The crystals get accumulated on the joints and other tissues, leading to inflammation and excruciating pain. A chronic condition can lead to the formation of tophi lumps formed under the skin due to large deposits on severely affected joints of the elbow, fingers and toes, and even on the external pinna.
- Another medical condition, referred to as the pseudo-gout, results from the deposits of calcium-based crystals in the joints.
- In almost 90 percent of incidences of gout, men over the age of 40 and menopausal women are affected.
- An "episode" often takes place during the night.
- Within 12 to 24 hours of the onset, the afflicted joint becomes severely inflamed and starts to ache rigorously.
- The gout attack usually lasts about five to 10 days.
Arthritis that develops in 1 day Attack of arthritis in only one joint, usually the toe, ankle, or knee A painful joint that is swollen, red, and warm